Fit to be tied! And then Dyed!
Topic: I Made It!
It's friday and it's time for a little fun with fabrics. As you may have noticed on Project Runway designers often use dyes to help bring a bit of uniqueness to their creations. Dyeing is taught early on in a designer's education and once a few simple rules are learned dying opens up so many creative options for changing the color of fabrics and made up garments.Dyeing can be the ultimate fun with fabrics, in some ways you don't know what you will get until after the fabric is dry and washed for the first time.
First rule of Dyeing: Some farbics Can't be dyed. Polymer based fibers, coated fabrics and fabrics with any type of surface treatment can not be dyed. micro denier fibers can not be died. Dry clean only fabrics can not be dyed. Polyester can't be dyed. Finished coats and jackets can not be dyed. Lined and finished dresses can't be dyed. Acetates can't be dyed. Dry clewan only clothing can't be dyed. Did I mention that polyester can't be dyed at home?
Second rule of Dyeing: You can esily dye all cottons, linens, hemp and other plant based fibers including rayons and viscoses with fiber reactive dyesand soda ash. Dyes labelled as"permanent dye" have some soda ash included, but soak rayon in a soda ash solution to ensure full dye reaction.
Third Rule of Dyeing: Animal based fibers such as Wools and silk need an acid based dye and some wools need additional Mordants. Mordants allow wool to pick up more dye, make it colorfast and some mordants cubtley change the color. Nylon is dyed like an animal based fiber, but some nyon doesn't dye.The best acid for acid dyeing is acetic acid -AKA Vinegar.
Fourth rule of dyeing: Dyeing is unpredictable and you can get results you don't expect. Be prepared for both pleasant and unpleasant surprises.
Fifth rule of dyeing: Never dye a garment unless you are willing to risk wrecking it forever.
Sixth rule of dyeing: Be willing to experiment and try new methods and ideas.
The techer emphasized rule four and five above all others. Dyeing is not for the faint of heart. It is not for people who don't like surprises. Dyeing is not for control freaks. Even when everything is weighed, measured and mixed exactly you still get surprises.
I'd rather not go into long winded explanations about dyeing. Ther's plenty out there and the chemistry doesn't interest me -so a quick cut to the chase. A recent very warm spring day gave me the opportunity to have fun with tie dyeing. I wanted a pink tank top to wear with a couple of my long boho maxi skirts and with shorts. I had just made a pair of tops from some slubbed-knit rayon jersey and though one would work well. I picked the one with an integrated scarf on the neck: this pattern here on BurdaStyle and got everything I needed to tie dye the top.
Here's what's needed: A basin that can be dyed and not matter. A much of boiling water, a squeeze bottle, soda ash, powdered all purpose dye. I used the all purpose dye because it fades after the first wash so the color isn't as intense as when it's freshly dyed. I placed some powdered dye into the bottle, some soda ash and then dissolved it all with the boiling water, capped the bottle and shook it until the soda ash was completely dissolved. No, you can't have my recipe. Mostly because I don't measure.
Next the fabric gets all tied and twisted. Tighter bunches have more contrast in dye absorption and in the deep center folds some areas stay white. After tying and twisting the fabric goes into the basin and sprayed with water. Wet areas absorb the dye differently than dry areas. Dry areas dye clean and crisp, wetted areas are more smudgy and blurry.
Next I drizzle the dye over the fabric. I flip the bundle over and over and try to get a bit of dye everhere. I don't immerse the bundle in the dye, I want the randomness of a low-to-no immersion dye.
Next I sprinkle a bit of leftover dye powder directly onto the bundle. This will give me spots of very intense color.
In this close up you can see how the intense dye powder dissipates and spreads. Next I let the basin and the bundle sit in the hot sun for about half an hour. This is like low water immersion in the microwave but without the microwave oven.
After doing the tank top I had a few more things that needed dyeing so I mixed up a couple more squirt bottles and went to town on a half width length of fabric, several pairs of snooze inducing cotton panties and a tee-shirt. Of all the things the tee was the not-so-pleasant surprise. After soaking in soda ash and not rinsing and using dye directly on the ashed shirt the colors still faded when dry. Everything else took the dye quite well. Those things up there are much brigher than they are now because the dye is still wet.
And here is is all done. It's got a nice mottled look that will work well with a boho look. It's also long enough to wear over a bathing suit or to wear over a pair of shorts or whatever.It will fade a bit more in the next washing but after that it will stay pink.
And that's the basics of tie dye. There are hundreds of tie and bundle tutorials on line, some give heart shapes, some do spirals, stripes and more. Use care when placing the bundles and spirals, some can look terrible and a few can make something unwearable and a couple can boder on obscene.
Be especially careful around the bust and the butt. Watch out for round things centered on the boobs. Start swirls and bundles either above or below the bust line and bust points. If you are doing shorts, pants, or undies avoid swirls on the center back seam below the curve point. You don't want a tie dyed circle that reminds people of goatse or other infamous holes and their location. You don't want a target on your butthole! Avoid using brown when tie dyeing shorts, panties and panties because a blob of brown on the backside (or anywhere for that matter) looks really poopy.
And that's all for today! I'm going off to get more dye and some white tees from michael's. The best part of white tees is that they don't have to remain tees. They can become dresses, tank tops, other tops, tote bags, knit and crochet yarns and so much more. all you need is scissors, thread and bit of imagination.
Posted by lincatz
at 10:39 AM EDT
Updated: Friday, 29 April 2016 10:47 AM EDT